{hinduloka} $title={Table Content} Vedic Cosmography vs Modern Science

There is a fundamental difference between ancient Hinduism and modern science regarding the idea of ​​an observable universe. Before continuing with this article, I would like to ask readers to avoid quick conclusions such as "pseudo science" or "fiction", because the scope of this particular topic is beyond academic textbooks.

The amazing advancements in human technology in recent days are undeniable, but it's also true that we know very little about our universe – almost nothing. It may sound hard to believe that nearly 99% of modern images of cosmic objects are actually the artist's imagination. The actual image, taken by the space telescope, is literally nothing more than a blurry spot of light on a photographic plate. So while scientists are still dealing with different concepts of innovation to explore more about the universe, there is absolutely no logical benchmark for deciding whether the Hindu model of the Cosmos is right or wrong. Let's get rid of the assumption that we are the most advanced generation that has ever existed and analyze the ancient texts from a student's point of view. Therefore,

The first obstacle that confronts us is the understanding of various narrative terms. Unlike modern astronomy, Hindu texts do not categorize cosmic bodies into Planets/ Stars/ Galaxies etc. Instead, there are phrases like Loka, Puri, Parvata, Sagara, Barsha , etc.

Needless to say, taking into account the literal equivalent wouldn't make much sense. It seems, it is impossible to describe many aspects of the universe using our common vocabulary; So, ancient scientists have used the best correlated word. The unavailability of proper expression in the human glossary has forced the narrator to cross out all descriptive attributes in the form of adjectives, it will be more beneficial to concentrate on them. 

In the manuscript, the term Loka is used in a broader sense than Barsha , which in turn, denotes something broader than Puri . The term Sagara is closer to the concept of cosmic emptiness. Parvata signifies a very dense boundary or territory. This will be discussed in detail as we move forward in this article.

Vedic cosmography uses a unique unit of measurement for  Yojana . Various meanings emerged with different numbers in an attempt to convert Satu Yojana into a modern unit. But almost every one of them so far failed to describe the whole system. The same problem exists with different mathematical and directed statements as well. Another critical confusion arises with understanding the chemical naming conventions for elements, compounds and mixtures. In order not to involve ourselves in the endless debate about remapping these keywords with modern terms, let us focus primarily on drawing out the substance of the text, namely the relative structure of the universe.

Prithvi - not just Planet Earth

As Humans, our study of the universe must begin with our homeland, planet Earth. From the countless references to the different habitable zones in the universe mentioned in the manuscript, it is very difficult to determine which one actually refers to our home planet. The description of the cosmos in ancient texts begins with Prithvi , a concentric arrangement of seven islands each surrounded by an ocean. Although we usually think of  Prithvi  as a synonym for planet Earth, careful observation reveals that it is actually much broader. 

Some translations begin with the assumption that this septenary arrangement refers to the solar system, where "islands" are represented by different planes of planetary orbits. But, ancient astronomers have given detailed descriptions of the observed planetary motions from the ground. They have even determined that all planets and other cosmic objects are only part of  Prithvi

Therefore, the existence of separate terms and special sections for planets, makes it clear that the phrase Island is used to define something other than planetary systems. In addition, the planes of the planets' orbits are not tilted from each other by more than a few degrees of angle. But one part of the Bharata narrative directly speaks of a central region in  Prithvi  where no amount of cosmic rays can be reached. It gives Prithvi the impression of   a spherical entity, which definitely doesn't sound like a planetary system.

Several interpretations try to relate this model to the current Milky Way. While it sounds more rational than the previous analogy, it fails to provide any explanation for most of the descriptive attributes as mentioned in the script. 

Not only is the Milky Way, as shown by the Fork Tuning Diagram (introduced by Edwin Hubble), any galaxy can be spiral or elliptical in shape. Mathematically there may be some strange irregular shapes in exceptional cases, but there is absolutely no possibility that a single galaxy has ever taken the form of such a complex layered structure. Since there is sufficient evidence that ancient astronomers had deep knowledge of distant galaxies and cosmic cycles, the chances of them making such a fundamental error about the shape of the Milky Way are slim.

The model seems to give a lot of importance to the two cosmic substances – the Surya Mandala and the Chandra Mandala . According to the bibliographical conversion of the words Surya and Chandra as Sun and Moon respectively, the general assumption is that the duo actually refers to the planes of the orbits of the sun and moon. But it was deemed untrue, because none of the narratives matched the actual properties of the Sun and Moon. Moreover, because the archives not only emphatically place the Chandra Mandala outside the Surya Mandala, but also goes on to describe their relative position as part of a family of extra-terrestrial galaxies, we can assume that these two terms actually refer to some deeper cosmic cycle than simply the Sun or the Moon.

This depiction of the septenary system shows large-scale entities. The texts state that Prithvi's limits   determine the extent to which science can explore or analyze. 

The frequent interpretation of this proclamation equaling naked eye visibility (from Earth), appears to be an error due to the fact that ancient texts have never been known to give a geocentric or heliocentric perception. As discussed ancient Vedic scientists used to track precisely every minute the movement of many stars, constellations, nebulae or galaxies, implying that they were well aware of the true nature of the diverse cosmic objects in space. Considering the astonishing accuracy of their astronomical calculations, we can come to the conclusion that it is also indeed legitimate when they mention every cosmic object contained in this seven-level scheme. Which ensures that the concentric design is something on a much larger scale than planetary systems or even galaxy clusters. That is, what we will get is really surprising; looks like a concept Prithvi is  set to refer to the universe itself.

Observable Universe

Today's notion of an observable universe defines an imaginary spherical region in space that contains all of those objects, which can theoretically be observed from Earth, although some objects in the spherical Observable are still unrecognizable due to their extreme redshift in the Doppler band. Hypothetically, there are many other objects outside this region, from which no light or any electromagnetic waves can reach Earth because of their great distance. Not only that, as the universe expands, the speed of the recession towards Earth is also gradually increasing. That means any object can extend beyond the boundaries of this spherical region even if their mutual motion distance from Earth remains constant.

Instead of an imaginary volatile boundary that is highly sensitive to the observer's position in the cosmos, Prithvi defines one very rigid real-time component of the universe. These components define the part of the cosmos that can be understood by humans. Anything beyond its limits is beyond the scope of our known science and mathematics. This statement helps to conclude clearly that,  Prithvi  is part of the observable universe; i.e.  Prithvi  is actually the Observable Universe. Not only does it define a boundary, the script goes on to tell you that the stated boundary is not something like a membrane, but rather a boundary signifying a region of gradual transition.

As mentioned earlier, due to the wrong translation, very often we fail to interpret the true meaning of the narrative. Instead of the current heliocentric bottom-up model (which begins to consider the solar system as a central point and then explores outer space), the ancient records tried to analyze the observable universe using a top-down approach. 

At first, they provide an overview of the high-level layout, followed by exploring the hierarchically sequential layers of detail. Studies of ancient Vedic morphology show that most of the matter in the observable universe has been confined to seven concentric belts due to the cosmic scale mass distribution. The archives mention each of those material belts as an Island. Needless to say, taking into account the literal meaning of an island would make no sense here. 

This particular labeling signifies one important aspect of the observable universe: each of these belts is surrounded by enormous super-voids. In astronomy, the void represents a wide range of space that contains very few or no galaxies. These super-voids are so large compared to normal ones, that ancient scientists correlated them with "Oceans", to highlight their magnitude. A fact needs to be clarified, none of the "Islands" is a single object. They can be best illustrated as a super-cluster group of galaxies, bound together by a gravitational force field. 

If the text can be analyzed and plotted using software-aided design techniques, then we will get a complete 3-D map of our universe.

The heart of this seven-layered design, the “Guava-Belt, is divided into 7 sectors by six galactic sheets that lie side by side with each other. Instead of straight 'walls', the galaxy sheet has a crescent-like shape. The sheets become shorter as they move towards the edge of the belt starting from the center, which allows us to conclude that the shape of this belt is like a spherical shell. 

The middlemost sector is further divided into 3 by two more sheets, extending perpendicular to the previous one, increasing the number of sectors to 9. The sectors are formed by a complex interconnected cosmic superstructure; almost every major one has been marked with a unique description in the catalogs of ancient Vedic astronomy. The outer boundary of this belt is marked by the edge of the said galaxy sheet, which gradually disappears into the super-void.

Vedic cosmography

The Vedic cosmic model describes each sector of the “Guava” belt as being formed by several zones, which are separated from each other by a cosmic cavity. All of these individual zones consist of interconnected galactic filaments, linked together in such a way that they resemble tree-like structures. As determined by the text, in each zone, thousands of galactic filaments branch away from a single central 'spine', either directly or indirectly. Similar stringy architecture also exists in the intermediate galactic sheet, but with a much higher amount of mass per unit space. Each of these zones as well as the galactic sheet passes through a deeper level of segmentation. Hindu texts divide galaxy filaments into super-clusters, then super-clusters into local clusters. After this,

The manuscript has made it abundantly clear that it is impossible to show every cosmic object in one narrative, because there are millions of them. However, from anything that can be translated from the text, some cosmic objects seem to be described with more importance. 

One such example tells of a dark cosmic object with a very high temperature on its surface, which is solid. This particular object has a molten core, which burns without any flammable elements or compounds. At first glance, this description may appear to be of no scientific significance, but a careful analysis will reveal that it fits very well with the neutron star's attributes. Neutron stars are very hot (60000 K) but have a very dense surface (with much higher rigidity than any solid object available on Earth). Scientists have also come to the hypothesis that the nuclei of neutron stars may exhibit superfluid properties. The only reference that sounds odd is the statement that this particular object is called dark. Usually, Neutron stars are said to emit very high frequency radiation that can be detected by scanners. However, as published in almost all popular international scientific journals, one study of gravitational waves acknowledged the possibility of a 'black' neutron star.

While descriptions of the macrouniverse attract attention quite easily, very often the micromodel goes unnoticed. Those priceless manuscripts continue to confirm the existence of tens of thousands of elements, which make up all these cosmic bodies (planets, stars, galaxies, etc.) along the “Guava” belt. Unfortunately, because only 100+ elements have been discovered or designed by scientists to date, it is not possible to conceptualize the atomic structure for anything outside the periodic table. 

This wider set of stable atomic distributions made it important that there would be a wider family of compounds as well. Although Hindu narratives do not provide an exclusive list of all the compounds available, they do specify that they have distinct physical properties. The Vedic texts also continue to reveal the chemical compositions of various regions of the observable universe, but due to our inability to decrypt the technical terms used in ancient texts, it has not been possible to translate them into modern languages.

Another interesting feature of the ancient Vedic model of the cosmos is that, it is repeatedly stated that galaxies, nebulae, or other cosmic objects are not at rest. While large-scale landscapes such as galactic sheets or walls do not appear to exhibit relative motion, small-scale components are said to be continuously flowing from one region of the universe to another. 

As per different passages of ancient text records, this process of material transfer takes place throughout the observable universe. Although this aspect of the ever-changing space map has been revealed by recent astronomical studies, still, the lack of direct evidence so far has prevented it from overcoming the limits of the hypothesis. On the other hand, Vedic scholars from ancient times came up with some identified patterns for the movements. In fact, they used to distinguish all the movements into distinct 'streams'. The Vedic Chronicles give us a long list of hundreds of such individual schools. They also explicitly mention the details of the trajectories of these streams; and the exact location where two or more of them meet.

When we go into the details of these 'streams', we get references to certain subsets of them that overwhelm certain regions of the cosmos. Some of them are said to change direction and/or split apart after reaching certain cosmic objects. This description is indeed reminiscent of something known as energy emission or particle emission. All of these rays are known to be several light years in length. 

In addition, the effect of the energy beam can be felt by spacecraft outside the Earth's atmosphere. As the researchers point out, these jets are formed by ionized particles that exhibit electromagnetic behavior when they come into contact with the magnetic fields of stars and planets.

The super void that surrounds the "Guava" belt, is further enveloped by a belt of another material: Plaksha . The other five spherical shells are present in the same way, each separated by a super cavity from the immediate inner and outer layers. Although none of them has been described in as much detail as the “Guava” belt, the texts confirm that the arrangement of the large cosmic structures (sheets, filaments, etc.) follows a similar pattern. All of these cosmic material belts contain collections of galactic 'streams', energy beams, and other cosmic objects. As dictated by the Vedic model, the span of any material belt is twice that of the direct inner belt; and the span of the super void is equal to the belt of the material it encircles.

All these belts consist of millions of Galaxies, Clusters and Planetary systems. In an attempt to determine their number, the text uses the correct word: 'innumerable', and determines that it is impossible to describe every single one of them. 

On closer analysis, the narrative of countless worlds floating on these seventeen layouts, actually reflects today's scientific depiction of the universe, where everything from planets to galaxies is spread out in an enormous vacuum. In fact it is exclusively written that all measurements and elaborations of the observable universe are mainly achieved through comprehensive research and mathematical precision. Ancient texts have stated that it is impossible to obtain direct evidence for certain aspects of the universe; logical deduction is the only way to get an idea about them.

Center and Edge

From the first day when early humans looked at the sky and began to wonder about it, the quest to find the center of the observable universe permanently found its place in their subconscious. 

From connecting the identical Earth with the rest of the universe to creating the concept of the solar system, it took thousands of years. With the advancement of technology, our knowledge of the cosmos has gone through improvements; and so is the predicted location of this hypothetical center of the universe. In the early 19th century, scientists considered the Milky Way's core to be the center of the universe; then with the continuous discovery of more and more super-clusters of stars, its position will never be able to come to an overall agreement. Now, with the acceptance of the Big Bang theory worldwide, official scientific statements conclude that there is no real center for this homogeneous and isotropic mathematical model of the universe.

Modern scientists more or less agree that the failure to provide a satisfactory answer to this paradox is mainly due to our lack of knowledge about the cosmos. It is a fact that almost every bit of the database about the observable universe has been generated by mathematical modeling and simulation, rather than direct evidence. Obviously, insufficient input data for any mathematical function often results in unrealistic or nondeterministic solutions. 

On the other hand, the Vedic scriptures never happen to rely on formulas or predictions. They better explain every part of the 'observable' universe from a third-person perspective. The sophistication of the Vedic model reaches a level that not only defines and locates the physical center, but also comes up with qualitative and quantitative measures for the same.

The Vedic record defines the observable universe as both homogeneous and isotropic. As described, the center, or more specifically, the core of the observable universe lies at the focal point of the septenary architecture. The density of matter and energy is of much higher value in the region around this core, as determined. 

The arrangement of the Galaxy's filaments begins to resemble a much more complex and compact design as we move towards the core, which is described as a 'golden fireball without fire'. The core itself, too, has been described in great detail, but it seems that the true nature of it has yet to find a place in modern encyclopedias. 

This nucleus is said to have four different types of effects on life forms and their evolution throughout the observable universe. Not only does the core serve as the center, the entire observable universe is said to have been created from this core. It is interesting to note that, the texts mention that it is possible to come up with more than one core structural prototype, while any one of them could be true. Looking at all the detailed details about it, it seems that the core also contains an interdimensional gate across this fourteen-layered multiuniverse, the design of which has been devised in the ancient Vedic records, as this article will discuss later.

Just like the gist of it, scientific theories can never come to an agreement when concluding about the Edge of the Universe. The widely accepted isotropic model according to the Cosmological Principle rules out the possibility that the universe has any edges at all. But that goes against another well-established concept, the “Expanding Universe”, which states that the universe, created by the explosion of the singularity, is still expanding; the term “expand” becomes a clear indication of the definitive limit. However, the main scientific derivation is based on the concept of a dynamically evolving edge, i.e. a "cone of light" framework, which is a 2D causality plot of a particular event, about the space-time axis. 

On the other hand, the Vedic model speaks of an infinite and finite observable universe, having one unambiguous boundary. The texts even go on to elaborate on boundaries, the inside of which is scientifically understandable, but the other side which lies beyond any analytical approach. We see a clear affirmation that no kind of particle or energy wave can reach the other side of the "Edge". Because the texts represent a spherical image of the universe (with detailed measurements).

Apart from defining the core and the periphery, the Vedic texts also speak of a set of four axes between them which maintain the stability of our observable universe.

Beyond the Observable Universe

The word multiverse refers to a larger expanse, a new totality of reality, and our universe will be just a piece of a larger whole. – says Brian Greene, renowned physicist, and Chair of the World Science Festival. While talking about parts of reality that we will never be able to see with the latest advances in science, he mentions that there could be many other universes, like ours. 

He is not the only person who believes in the existence of other worlds, almost all leading scientists and institutions have agreed with the idea of ​​coexistence of several universes, or in short, multiverse. More than one theoretical scheme has been devised to describe the concept. A large number of them assume that the laws of physics may differ in each of them, some of them even support the existence of higher dimensions.

Despite the astonishing astronomical advances of the last few decades, no illustration has yet been able to provide  a complete tour of the Multiverse . However, this lack of satisfaction can be quelled by looking in detail at the Vedic narratives. They speak of the conclusive architecture of the fourteen layers of the multiuniverse, with each layer being in a different dimensional plane, and thus relating to a different independent reality. 

The aforementioned universe that humanity belongs to, is part of that one dimensional plane. While the other planes are not described in this much detail, we can get a quick overview for each one. The extraordinary attributes of the Multiverse designthis is that, instead of a single reliance on mathematical modeling as they are today, they seem to be derived from the standpoint of an independent observer. For this reason, theoretical paradoxes such as the existence of modal realism do not arise. All of these dimensional realities, though distinct, are not disconnected from each other. Instead, they are said to be arranged in a clearly defined hierarchical proximity. Even if they continued to exist side by side with each other, that would be impossible to cross the dimensional barrier using conventional technology.

Ancient texts mention that the outer dimensional plane also consists of sub-layers or Ribbons. Examples taken from some of these texts build another sketch of such an outer dimensional place, where each band encircles the other, vibrating. The most prominent of them, the Solar band, is said to be the basis of the dynamic triad of dimensional planes (the three dimensional planes mentioned above pass through intermediate transformation cycles). In addition, this particular band is also mentioned to maintain causality across this subset. The next line, the Chandra band, acts as the receptacle of the observable universe. The Chandra band has also been characterized as a complement to the Surya. Together, these two bands became even more important in the Vedic model of the cosmos. 

There are eight more such ribbons that are mentioned exclusively in the scriptures. A large number of illustrations are available, explaining everything. But, they seem too advanced from our current knowledge and imagination. As mentioned earlier, the three-dimensional plane among these fourteen, has a cyclic transformation pattern. Apart from these three, the remainder of the 24-D continuity follows a relatively static state throughout the duration of the Multiverse.

One fundamental difference between the current scientific Multiverse model and similar Vedic versions is how they consider the time aspect in each model. Modern scientific approaches usually combine time with three spatial dimensions to produce a four-dimensional manifold. In this simulation, time does not exist without the presence of the universe. But the Vedic model places time as an independent parameter that stretches, and even goes far beyond the structure of the Multiverse . The Vedas tell of countless multiuniverse life cycles, not a single instance of the beginning or end of time. Although time has been described as absolute, ancient texts do dictate that time flows differently across different dimensional layers.

Another aspect where the Vedic model follows a different direction compared to science, is the conceptualization of dimensions. Typically, scientific approaches localize the observable universe in subspaces of 4 (3 for space + 1 for time) dimensions. And usually every principle regards the extra dimensions as entities disconnected from our reality. The most studied M-theory (which talks about the 11-D universe) came about with the possibility that the additional dimensions might curl up on a very small scale and that is why they remain hidden in almost all scientific experiments; while some other theories talk about extra large dimensions that are completely separate from the proposed 4-D framework. 

In fact, the ancient Vedic educational system went on to develop entire disciplines of enumerationist study to decipher the 24-D structure of this multi-layered continuity, each level bound by a different set of topologies and physical constants. This powerful framework is able to decipher every living and non-living unit of this multiverse. Vedic researchers seem to disagree with the current perspective of spatial analysis, that is, to divide the equals into three directional vectors and label them as spatial dimensions. On the contrary, according to the Vedic texts, the diversity of this multiverse has been formed due to the different arrangements or combinations of all 24 dimensions.

Although the concept of the multiverse has been introduced in mainstream science recently, it does not get any clues about the limits or boundaries of the multiverse

The reason is simple, the whole concept of the Multiverse in science is represented by a group of mathematical functions. Since the computational system is based on measurements across three directional spatial vectors, they become useless in landscapes that extend beyond the spatial reference frame. 

The astonishing fact is, the Vedic model is able to describe the multiverse also from the point of view of an independent observer. Just as they describe the limits of the observable universe, the Vedic texts speak of the limits of the Multiverse as well. The circumference of this entire 24-D system is formed by a stack of seven membranes of non-identical, uniform, and immiscible dimensions. 

The Vedic texts have specifically mentioned that, not only our own universe, the entire Multiverse is contained in one  Bubble '. Although modern science has taken the Big Bang theory wholeheartedly, the idea of ​​the Bubble stands out among many other possible alternatives.

The Vedic text does not pause at all after providing a strong systematic view of the Multiverse, which is in the form of a circumscribed cloth. They went on to go on and on about what was beyond that. They mention that trillions and trillions more Multiverse units (contained in dimensional membranes) reside in Bulk , which goes beyond even the 24-D framework. All these units float and float in Bulk like bubbles in the sea. In other words, what appears to be derived from the Vedic texts, looks like a model of the Bubble Multiverses .

The Vedic texts detail the "Base" in architecture. According to the scriptures, the Base literally supports and hosts all of these Bubble Multiverses. The base has been described as a separate entity that exists outside the fourteen tier system. The texts have allocated two unique and very important attributes about Base - that it is eternal ( Shesha ) and infinite ( Ananta ). As the Vedic records illustrate, while the entire Multiverse goes through repeated cycles of creation and dissolution, the Base remains unaffected. After the massive disbandment of the Multiverse , Base is the only entity that continues to maintain its distinctive identity. Even now, the infinity symbol to be identical to the pictorial representation of the Base.

Both Bulk and Base are used to get special meaning in Hindu scriptures. While Bulk has been referred to as the Primary source of all that Bubble Multiverse, Base is said to be the limit of anything we can think of. 

Both are told not only as immeasurable, but they also pass through any qualitative illustration. The records say that it is impossible to scientifically represent any of them, as they are beyond any logical analysis. Both remain unaffected by any kind of causality. There is only one part of the Sanskrit vedic text used to refer to any of them: “ O-BANG-MANAS-GOCHAR”( ); which literally means Entity that cannot be deciphered or even imagined. In fact, the texts also conclude that the two actually represent the same primary factor of all things, which, according to the description, seems to be a singularity that is of great interest to scientists today. It may sound strange, but today's science is also leaning toward the same endpoint (read: The Anthropic Principle) that was inscribed over time as unknown to anyone.

Another interesting angle of the Vedic narratives is, they seem to give a similar focus to the sub-atomic world as well. As usual, in this school too, the Vedas speak of a model that goes beyond the current model to a very high degree. Recent atomic models try to dissect observable molecules into smaller units – atoms, sub-atomic particles, or quarks, in that order. According to the theory of exchange between energy and mass, it is very important that this hierarchical separation procedure stop at the smallest indivisible particle (i.e. quantum mass), which is formed when very high amounts of energy are concentrated. But that hasn't connected the dots – how and when the earliest particles made their mark. Until now, scientists have been unable to establish a precise measurement of Quantum Mass, that is, the amount of mass that cannot be broken down into smaller particles. By definition, any attempt to separate quantum mass will give an output in the form of energy. This fundamental question is answered in the Vedic model, however, the ambiguity lies in the mathematical operators used. 

Ancient knowledge of the Vedas was passed down from generation to generation orally, perhaps to avoid the loss or interference of any phonetic information. Therefore, no image representation is available in text format. All math operations have been explained in words. Since the inscription language itself had greatly mutated with respect to the original, it had become extremely difficult to extract its essence. 

The Vedic texts speak of the smallest unit of mass as Paramanu , while at the same time stating the same which is indivisible. It sounds like this concept is not synonymous with Atom as we usually think of it today, but rather closer to an explanation of Quanta . Ancient scientists had obtained the definition of Paramanu by analyzing the output produced after passing the beam through the slits (Slit = as in the double slit experiment. After all, it's just a close analogy). 

The exact configuration parameters for the beam or slit have not been finalized. However, Paramanu's attributes have been developed in this record with precision. The most interesting piece of information is that, although Paramanu has a real existence, it cannot be observed in any way. This statement seems to refer to the strange behavior of quantum objects, when they are affected only by the act of observation. 

Paramanu marks the limits of the experimental study approach. For the sake of theoretical dissection, if we try to look inside Paramanu , we will end up dealing with the dimensions themselves. The Vedic texts have placed Paramanu 10 points above the individual dimensions on the quantum tomographic scale, however, it is not clear exactly which tomographic method/operator has been applied. The sub-atomic world in the Vedic texts was constructed by the combination of Paramanu, not the same setting. A careful study of the terms used in the texts, provides an approximate picture of how the quantum world in the Vedic texts managed to blend into the macrouniverse, so that there is absolutely no need to have two distinct sets of rules as today (i.e. Physics classical and quantum physics). This extraordinary set of hierarchical standards, which is the frame of reference for measuring every aspect of the multiuniverse, appears to be based on the distribution of energy levels in a closed boundary system. Unfortunately, too little progress has been made to truly understand the underlying principles.

No Beginning or End

The sound and immersive depiction of the endless array of Bubbles- Multiverse sitting next to each other may have been surprising. However, one will be surprised to learn that this is still not the concluding chapter of ancient Vedic cosmology. After proudly announcing about the infinitely expanded Multiverse family , the Vedic model adds that each of them can be compared like the aforementioned "wink" in Bulk. Each Multiverseit consists of all those dimensional layers and all of them, ceased to exist after a certain period of time. According to the prevailing notion of modern cosmology, our universe undergoes an independent cycle of creation and destruction. This full proof theory seems like a mere prototype when we see that the Vedic intelligence has thought about and even extended this concept to apply in the case of the entire Bubble- Multiverse series . 

Not only that, the texts explain that there is no absolute beginning to this self-sustaining cycle, nor will there be an end to it.

An in-depth analysis of the creation of the Multiverse in the Vedic scriptures is based on vibrations and frequencies. As defined in the ancient records, if it were not for vibrations, there would not be a universe like ours. Adding more detail to this statement, the Vedic texts announce that it is the variation of frequencies that causes the diversity of the universe: each frequency defines a distinct identity. 

For the most part, this concept is echoed by the foundations of string theory. It all started when the first pulse was born in the zero-entropy perfect balance landscape that is Mass. It remains an unsolved riddle in the science of how the pulse was created, but this early pulse has a deeper meaning than we can imagine. 

Bulk NS not only goes beyond size, it goes beyond any descriptive attribute/adjective, displaying a true stage of perfect balance. As soon as the first pulse occurs, a very early cosmic imbalance occurs, which is then propagated. 

Logically speaking, this earliest cosmic imbalance was the beginning of measurable entities. If our universe can be represented as a mathematical function (we can consider any of those described in String theory), this first "pulse" can be described as the algebraic root of that function. Just like the roots of mathematics, those very early cosmic imbalances will gradually turn into more complex dynamics. After that initial "pulse", 24 dimensions began to emerge, along with the four elemental "flavors" (the word "taste" is not used in its literal sense; it has a different meaning in quantum physics). Vedic texts have labeled these flavors as Sweta, Peeta and Raksa, each. Although all these words have different meanings in everyday life, they are completely unrelated to this naming convention (this kind of naming is still followed even today, for example to identify the special attributes of Quarks, scientists use the terms – Red, Blue and Green ).

Dimensions come into the picture in well-defined succession. This individual dimension carries the mark of that initial "pulse". The merging of these dimensions gives rise to a membrane around the multiuniverse, which is formed in order from outside to inside, followed by the universal layers. Those very early simple "pulses" happen to branch off into more composite wavefunctions. Gradually all those composite wavefunctions began to combine with one another, which, in turn, had produced quadrillion unique vibrational states. As noted earlier, each vibrational state is identical to one individual real-time living or non-living entity throughout the universe, or multiverse .

In short, the universe as we experience it today, is basically a collection of waves featuring billions of different frequencies. The only reason two objects or forces are different from each other is because they have different vibrational states, namely frequencies. And it all happens because of the existence and transformation of the initial "pulse". 

Yes, the entire multiverse is nothing more than a "pulse" when pitted against Bulk. From our experience in everyday life, we know that every pulse or wave will dissolve after a certain period of time. 

Interestingly, the Vedic texts also use the word "Dissolution" instead of "Destruction", to denote the end of the multiverse . During this dissolution process, all these various vibrational states begin to combine with one another. A similar analogy is, matter is split into atoms, then atoms are split into fermions and bosons, then they are also split into quarks. 

This process continues until all the mass of the universe is converted into energy (remember the formula – E = mc 2). After the universal layer no longer exists, the only remnant that still retains a distinct identity is the membrane. In fact they also begin to dissolve according to the reverse hierarchical order and split into individual dimensions again. In the end, all the individual dimensions also cease to exist and it all boils down to the initial "pulse" that created the multiuniverse. 

In other words, the “Dissolution” phase is exactly the same as the “Creation” phase, only that it goes backwards. The last trace of the multiverse, the "pulse" also dissolves in the "Bulk". I will repeat, this cycle of creation and dissolution comes in an endless sequence; while there are many such sequences that keep happening in parallel.

The aforementioned “flash”, i.e. the duration of the multiverse , defines the time period of years. Throughout this span, the multiuniverse undergoes varying degrees of cosmic reconstruction, each of which occurs at regular intervals. An in-depth analysis of these major phase divisions shows that the multiverse never reaches a halt for even the smallest of times. 

This ever-changing nature of the cosmos is particularly highlighted in the Vedic texts. In a single multiverse life cycle , each layer going through its respective stages of creation and dissolution many times, our own universe goes through 36,000 such sub-cycles. Even in one such sub-cycle, countless superclusters, galaxies, constellations, stars or planets would be formed and destroyed time and time again. That leads to the conclusion that, our little blue planet, which is already quite significant throughout the universe, like millions and millions of its peers, can be considered a temporary inclusion on a billion-year scale. That is why the Vedic texts never mention anything about our planet Earth, or its location.

You may have noticed that the phases of creation and dissolution have been described in the Present Indefinite tense . The reason is, this procedure is eternal, there is no absolute beginning or absolute end of this series. As explained earlier, there are countless multiverses that exist in Bulk. Each of these examples has been preceded by and will be replaced by an infinitely different version of the same thing. 

In simpler language, Mass is like the ocean; In this ocean, countless water bubbles appeared and disappeared in the blink of an eye. It is impossible to count the bubbles in the ocean at any given time, or to estimate the number of bubbles that have ever appeared at any given point in the ocean.

Truth is Foreigner than Fiction

Science has progressed; so is our idea of ​​life in the cosmos. Calculating the possibility of an alien civilization possessing abilities or technology such as magic has been granted permission to enter into the scope of serious consideration for scientists. Starting from the early 60s in the 19th century, until today, researchers have ended up with more than one prototype for plotting the evolution curve in the universe. To name some of the parameters considered, one can mention the level of power consumption (Kardashev scale :- Nikolai Kardashev), the amount of unique information available (Information Mastery:- Carl Sagan) or particle handling ability (Microdimensional Mastery : -John Barrow).

Inter-galactic travel, space-time manipulation, exploiting wormholes, access to the quantum world, teleportation. This is just a glimpse of the most common predictions about the feats an advanced civilization might achieve. And the surprising part is, each of these examples has been put forward by several eminent scientists. Topics that once included fairy tales, are now backed by hardcore physics. 

To build machines to deal with all those scenarios, as all experts agree, the biggest obstacle is resources. Even the newest nuclear reactors are not capable enough to produce that much power output. That's the reason scientists believe that we need another technological leap to reach the next level, and that revolution will completely change our approach to harnessing energy. Whether it's some hypothetical mega-structure like the Dyson sphere, or some futuristic technology like an antimatter engine, or even some more practical approach like solar panels, most of the latest research is in the field of revolutionizing energy production. 

As Carl Sagan explains, humanity, with all its innovations and all, has not made good use of all the resource options available on Earth. Although the term 'nuclear energy' has become very familiar today, mankind did not know about it before World War II. Man's innovative abilities were so limited even in the latter half of the nineteenth century, that a bewildered Robert Oppenheimer ended up quoting the famous Sanskrit text of the Bhagabat-Gita :

कालोस्मि लोकक्षयकृत्प्रवृद्धो लोकान्समाहर्तुमिह प्रवृत्तः

Now I have become Death, the destroyer of the world, having witnessed a fraction of the atomic power released. 

Nuclear reactors are just a stepping stone, there are many more unexplored options that we don't know about. Needless to say, if a 'primitive' society (on the Kardashev scale) like ours was able to harness the core of atomic power, any superior species could achieve something far beyond our imagination. This transformation in our thought processes seems to also have an impact on our global culture, almost all sci-fi films tell about artificial mega-structures built by advanced alien technology. So, no matter how wild a concept may seem at first glance, there is a very high probability that it might make scientific sense,

The concept of a superior alien being capable of so-called 'inconceivable' feats is no longer a fairy tale. Recent theories in Astronomy actually reinforce the realistic basis of this once ridiculous statement. That's why it's a good time to revisit the ancient scrolls of Vedic civilization (containing a universal history of Billions of years), where we know about the zones of the universe that were colonized by different species (that doesn't mean 'conquering' those zones by force). 

Through cross-referencing, it appears that different terraforming methods emerged in the zone. In fact, the texts catalog several hundred such artificial megastructures, proudly marking their presence throughout the universe. 

Inter-dimensional transportation through the core of the universe is also one of the common examples scattered throughout the Vedic record. Almost every page of the text cites a technological race between different species. Star wars too, were something that had already happened in the past. 

The tales about them are still inextricably entwined with Vedic culture, so that one only has to set foot on the land for a glimpse. Several unique sections contain narrative redesigns of important parts of the cosmos itself. Although the Vedic models of the universe do not differentiate between species in terms of their progress, they do tell of beings of varying degrees of ability in terms of power, volume of information, mastery of sub-atomic particles and many other parameters.

Another unique derivation of the Vedic model of the Universe is the powerful evolutionary model, namely, the Chaturyuga , which underscores that some of these civilizations were unable to maintain their consistency at the top of the evolutionary curve. This multimodal repeat distribution defines how each species goes through an oscillating locus of evolution. During each iteration, the plot goes through four distinct stages showing the overall descending trend line. After the iteration ends, the distribution is 'reset' to its initial position again. In other words, there was no need to brag too much about so-called 'sophisticated' technology, without even considering the many extra-terrestrial creatures that had evolved, Earth's own inhabitants had passed many such peaks in the past. 

The point is, we're definitely not the smartest creatures; on the contrary, we are still in the primitive stage of the technological scale.

The Vedic model of the universe is not only compatible with modern science, but is also a very advanced version of it. The fact, which is enough to put the Vedic model many miles ahead of modern scientific colleagues, is an approach to explaining universal topography. Today's models are only capable of creating fragments of the universe, and that too with footnotes stating the inability to properly identify 95% of the material from those fragments. 

On the other hand, the Vedic model of the cosmos provides a clear sketch of the overall structure of the universe. Not even one among all scientific studies has succeeded in coming to a conclusion for the Center or the Boundary, which is described in the ancient Vedic texts in great detail. Ancient Vedic astronomical charts manage to provide different labeling of macro-level layers such as super-clusters and filaments, which even our heliocentric structures cannot handle. The level of great detail that the Vedic narratives of the sub-micron world can provide is also, far beyond the reach of technology. 

By looking at the limitations and uncertainties suffered by the scientific approach, we can conclude that we have not found a single piece of evidence to challenge the authenticity of anything as sophisticated as the Vedic narrative. Until then, why can't we put aside all the minor criticisms and concentrate on exploring the Vedic model in more detail.

This ancient knowledge does not have great appeal to most contemporary intellectuals, perhaps because of the immense difficulty in deciphering the text. At the opening of this article, I have mentioned that the narrative has been greatly distorted over time as the language used in Vedic culture, Sanskrit itself has gone through a significant restructuring. At the same time, it is worth remembering that some parts of that knowledge have also been lost due to political instability for nearly a thousand years. These two points, combined with the limitations of our wisdom, have made it an almost impossible task to connect all the dots and complete the Vedic model of the cosmos.